Angurugu was the site of a Christian mission operated by the Church Missionary Society. The mission was originally located on the Emerald River. It was established between 1921 and 1924 "as a place for isolating and training children of mixed descent" (i.e. part-Indigenous and part-non-Indigenous). It ceased to be a 'half-caste' mission in 1934 and was shifted to Angurugu in 1943.
In 2015, a riot broke out between 2 rival clans in Angurugu, involving spears and machetes. 2 people were speared, and later died. 6 people were later tried for the violence, including 1 charged for murder.