In October 2006 the Northern Territory Government announced the reform of local government areas. The intention of the reform was to improve and expand the delivery of services to towns and communities across the Northern Territory by establishing eleven new shires. The Roper-Gulf Shire was created on 1 July 2008 as were the remaining ten shires. On 1 January 2014, the Shire was renamed to Roper Gulf Regional Council.
Elections for the Councillors in the Region were held on 25 October 2008.
Most of the area of the Council was previously unincorporated, but it absorbed several small LGAs on incorporation:
The Roper Gulf Regional Council is divided into 5 wards, which is governed by 13 Councillors across four wards:
Never Never Ward (3)
Numbulwar Numburindi Ward (2)
Nyirranggulung Ward (3)
South West Gulf Ward (3)
Yugul Mangi Ward (2)
Localities and communities
Land within the Roper Gulf Shire was divided in 2007 into bounded areas for the purpose of creating an address for a property. Most bounded areas are called "localities" while those associated with aboriginal communities are called "communities".