In October 2006 the Northern Territory Government announced the reform of local government areas. The intention of the reform was to improve and expand the delivery of services to towns and communities across the Northern Territory by establishing eleven new shires. The Victoria Daly Shire was created on 1 July 2008 as were the remaining ten shires. The first election for the Shire was held on 25 October 2008.
A general election was held on 24 March 2012. Councillor Betty Sullivan was elected Mayor of Victoria Daly Shire Council.
The Shire became the Victoria Daly Region on 1 January 2014.
Most of the land now part of the Region used to be unincorporated, but several existing LGAs were merged into it:
On 1 July 2014, the boundaries on its west side were revised to create a new local government area called the West Daly Region which consisted of the following three wards from the Victoria Daly Region - Nganmarriyanga, Thamarrurr/Pindi Pindi and Tyemirri.
The Victoria Daly Regional Council is divided into 5 wards, which is governed by 6 councillors:
Pine Creek (1)
Timber Creek (2)
Localities and communities
Land within the Victoria Daly Shire was divided in 2007 into bounded areas for the purpose of creating an address for a property. Most bounded areas are called "localities" while those associated with aboriginal communities are called "communities".