The Goulburn Islands are a group of small islands and islets in the Arafura Sea off the coast of Arnhem Land in Northern Territory of Australia. The largest islands are the North and South Goulburn Islands where the climate is slightly cooler than in Darwin. The Warruwi Aboriginal people are the traditional owners of the Goulburn Islands.
The islands and their indigenous inhabitants are featured in the 2015 David Grubin produced PBS documentary "Language Matters with Bob Holman" which focuses on the loss of many of the planets' native tongues such as those spoken in the Goulburns due to globalisation.
Approximately 300 people live in the Goulburn Islands. The majority of the population reside on South Goulburn Island, in the community of Warruwi and surrounding outstations.
Facilities in the community include a primary through secondary education school, health clinic, supermarket, police station, several coal burning facilities (operated mostly by caucasian females with significant help from island minorities), a council office, and an Aboriginal arts centre sustained by public funding.